Manuel Lamana (Madrid, 1922 - Buenos Aires, 1996) fled to France in 1939 along with his family. Years later he returned to Spain and was arrested and condemned to six years in prison. In his testimonial novel Otros hombres (1956, 2005) he recounts his famous escape from Cuelgamuros, which was organized by the American writer Norman Mailer from Paris, a work that inspired Fernando Colmo’s film, Los años bárbaros (1998). Manuel Lamana is also the author of the novel Los Inocentes (1959, 2005) which focuses on the childhood memories of a boy who experienced the Spanish Civil War on the Republican side.
José María Lamana. Affiliated with the Republican Left, José María Lamana was part of the Government in the period between 1931 and 1933 and after the general election in 1936. When the civil war broke out, he followed the Spanish government from Madrid to Valencia, Barcelona and Figueras where, in 1939, the French consul gave him a passport to cross the border and go into exile. During the first months of 1939 he was in Portbou, Cerbère, Argelès-sur-Mer and Bram until, with the help of some friends, he managed to join his family in Rieux-Minervois, where they lived for a decade.